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Abstract: A change in water availability is frequently cited as a primary mechanism linking climate change to conflict. Despite the need for more systematic research on the factors that enable societies to mitigate such patterns, however, there is little comparative empirical evidence for water-related conflict or cooperation at a domestic level. From an empirical lens, one major obstacle on this issue is the lack of systematically compiled data – in particular event data on water-related intrastate conflict and cooperation.

This paper reports on the construction of such a dataset for 35 Mediterranean, Middle East, and Sahel countries for the period 1997– 2009. The authors offer an overview of the data collection process and the coding procedures. They discuss key challenges as well as advantages and disadvantages of particular solutions to these, which pertain to information source analyses, sampling, and inter-coder reliability. The paper also presents a new scale, the Water Events Scale (WES), which records the intensity of water-related conflictive and cooperative events, and, finally, provides descriptive statistics demonstrating the utility of the new data for the study of intrastate conflict and cooperation over water resources.

Climate Variability is not a cause of domestic water conflict: large n-statistical study

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Abstract: Extraction and analysis of 10,352 cases of domestic water conflict and cooperation events from 80,000 media items obtained for 35 countries in the Mediterranean, Middle East and Sahel for the period 1997 to 2009 shows that there was more cooperation than conflict in the region, indicating that conflicts over water resources in the region are unlikely in the foreseeable future.


Journal article reporting on regression results and outlier case studies of domestic conflict dataset

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Abstract: The documents reports on the results of an outlier case‐study on conflict and cooperation over domestic water resources in Morocco. It also reports the results of the large regression N‐study on explanatory factors of domestic water‐related conflict and cooperation. The aim of the deliverable is to help understand in greater detail the processes that lead from water stress to conflict or cooperation.



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The views expressed during the execution of the CLICO project, in whatever form and or by whatever medium, are the sole responsibility of the authors. The European Union is not liable for any use that may be made of the information contained therein. 

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