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Research

Management of shared water resources and hazards is an important geo-political issue in many parts of the world. Transboundary basin institutions and international treaties have been credited with increasing cooperation between countries and enhancing their resilience to hydro-climatic and socio-political changes. Not all institutions however are performing the same, and it is important to know which institutions work better and under what conditions. Furthermore, many of the older institutions and treaties did not adequately address, much less integrate, knowledge about climate change and the associated hydrological uncertainty this brings.

 

The aims of this work package are:

  • To analyze and understand the determinants of adaptive capacity of transboundary water institutions with a view to identifying priorities for improvement.
  • To develop a system of indicators of institutional adaptive capacity for transboundary basins and to apply it to evaluate the capacity of international river basins in the Mediterranean, Middle East and Sahel (e.g. the Nile Basin).
  • To assess how climatic uncertainties are taken into account in existing transboundary water treaties, including:
  1. A typology of the various sources of uncertainties and an examination of the real-life use and abuse of mechanisms available to address and absorb them such as conflict resolution, benefit sharing, enforcement and monitoring.
  2. Understanding how sub-state actors (industry, farming and other private sectors) influence international water policies and agreements;
  3. Concrete recommendations for how to tailor and build mechanisms dealing with uncertainty into international water agreements without eroding sovereignty or raising conflicts.

Management of shared water resources and hazards is an important geo-political issue in many parts of the world. Transboundary basin institutions and international treaties have been credited with increasing cooperation between countries and enhancing their resilience to hydro-climatic and socio-political changes. Not all institutions however are performing the same, and it is important to know which institutions work better and under what conditions. Furthermore, many of the older institutions and treaties did not adequately address, much less integrate, knowledge about climate change and the associated hydrological uncertainty this brings.

 

The aims of this work package are:

  • To analyze and understand the determinants of adaptive capacity of transboundary water institutions with a view to identifying priorities for improvement.
  • To develop a system of indicators of institutional adaptive capacity for transboundary basins and to apply it to evaluate the capacity of international river basins in the Mediterranean, Middle East and Sahel (e.g. the Nile Basin).
  • To assess how climatic uncertainties are taken into account in existing transboundary water treaties, including:
  1. A typology of the various sources of uncertainties and an examination of the real-life use and abuse of mechanisms available to address and absorb them such as conflict resolution, benefit sharing, enforcement and monitoring.
  2. Understanding how sub-state actors (industry, farming and other private sectors) influence international water policies and agreements;
  3. Concrete recommendations for how to tailor and build mechanisms dealing with uncertainty into international water agreements without eroding sovereignty or raising conflicts.
 

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Disclaimer

The views expressed during the execution of the CLICO project, in whatever form and or by whatever medium, are the sole responsibility of the authors. The European Union is not liable for any use that may be made of the information contained therein. 

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